questo = this (masculine and singular)
Questo e' molto importante = This is very important.
questa = this (femine and singular)
Quella torta e' buona, ma questa e' cattiva. = That cake is good, but this one is bad.
questi = these (masculine and plural)
Compriamo questi. = Let's buy these.
queste = these (femine and plural)
Quelle mele sono buone, ma preferisco queste. = Those apples are good, but I prefer these.
quello = that (masculine and singular)
Questo ragazzo e' piu' intelligente di quello. = This boy is more intelligent than that one.
quella = that (femine and singular)
Quella e' una penna. = That is a pen.
quelli = those (masculine and plural)
Questi bambini sono piu' bravi di quelli? = Are these children better than those?
quelle = those (femine and plural)
Preferiamo quelle. = We prefer those.
quel gatto = that cat
quelle banane = those bananas
quella cravatta = that tie
quei ragazzi = those boys
quel quaderno = that notebook
quell'uovo = that egg
quelle forchette = those forks
quegli specchi = those mirrors
quella bugia = that lie
quella musica = that music
quelle matite = those pencils
quello zoo = that zoo
quell'insalata = that salad
quel messaggio = that message
quegli orologi = those watches
quelle classi = those classes
quel = comes before most masculine singular nouns that begin with a consonant. The exception is those masculine nouns beginning with ps, gn, z, or s followed by a consonant.
Quel ragazzo viene sempre in ritardo. = That boy always comes late.
quello = comes before a masculine singular nouns beginning with ps, gn, z, or s followed by a consonant.
Compriamo quello specchio. = Let's buy that mirror.
quell' = comes before all masculine singular nouns beginning with a vowel.
Quell'uomo parla molto. = That man talks a lot.
quella = comes before all femine singular nouns that begin with a consonant.
Il presidente abita in quella casa. = The president lives in that house.
quell' = comes before all femine singular nouns that begin with a vowel.
Quell'arancia non e' buona. = That orange is not good.
quei = is the plural of quel and comes before most masculine plural nouns that begin with a consonant. The exception is those masculine nouns beginning with ps, gn, z, or s followed by a consonant.
Quei treni vanno a Milano. = Those trains go to Milan.
quegli = is the plural of both quello and quell' and comes before all masculine plural nouns that begin with a vowel, or those that begin with ps, gn, z, or s followed by a consonant.
Quegli studenti sono bravi. = Those students are good.
quelle = is the plural of both quella and quell' and comes before any femine plural noun.
Quelle famiglie non capiscono italiano. = Those families do not understand Italian.
questa domanda = this question
queste banane = these bananas
questa cravatta = this tie
questo gelato = this ice cream
questa musica = this music
queste scarpe = these shoes
questo studente = this student
questi studenti = these students
questi americani = these americans
questa madre = this mother
questo messaggio = this message
questi spaghetti = these spaghetti
queste lezioni = these lessons
questo problema = this problem
questo = comes before a noun that is singular and masculine.
Questo libro e' interessante. = This book is interesting.
questa = comes before a noun that is singular and femine.
Questa lettera e' per Lei. = This letter is for you.
questi = comes before a noun that is plural and masculine.
Leggiamo questi libri. = We read these books.
queste = comes before a noun that is plural and femine.
Queste donne dormono troppo. = These women sleep too much.
quest' = comes before a singular noun that begins with a vowel.
Chi e' quest'uomo? = Who is this man?
Mi piace quest'arancia. = I like this orange.
ricevere = to receive, to get
io ricevo = I receive
tu ricevi = you receive (informal)
Lei riceve = you receive (formal)
lui/lei riceve = he/she receives
noi riceviamo = we receive
voi ricevete = you receive (plural)
loro ricevono = they receive vprendere = to take
io prendo = I take
tu prendi = you take (informal)
Lei prende = you take (formal)
lui/lei prende = he/she takes
noi prendiamo = we take
voi prendete = you take (plural)
loro prendono = they take
rispondere = to answer
io rispondo = I answer
tu rispondi = you answer (informal)
Lei risponde = you answer (formal)
lui/lei risponde = he/she answers
noi rispondiamo = we answer
voi rispondete = you answer (plural)
loro rispondono = they answer
portare = to carry, to bring, to wear
io porto = I carry
tu porti = you carry (informal)
Lei porta = you carry (formal)
lui/lei porta = he/she carries
noi portiamo = we carry
voi portate = you carry (plural)
loro portano = they carry
lavare = to wash
io lavo = I wash
tu lavi = you wash (informal)
Lei lava = you wash (formal)
lui/lei lava = he/she washes
noi laviamo = we wash
voi lavate = you wash (plural)
loro lavano = they wash
usare = to use
io uso = I use
tu usi = you use (informal)
Lei usa = you use (formal)
lui/lei usa = he/she uses
noi usiamo = we use
voi usate = you use (plural)
loro usano = they use
abitare = to live
io abito = I live
tu abiti = you live (informal)
Lei abita = you live (formal)
lui/lei abita = he/she lives
noi abitiamo = we live
voi abitate = you live (plural)
loro abitano = they live
gelato = ice cream
musica = music
domanda = question
messaggio = message
meno = less
piu' = more
cattivo = bad
importante = important
interessante = interesting
intelligente = intelligent
The letter combination 'sc', when followed by the vowels i or e, will produce a soft sound, like the English words shoe, shore, share and cash.
cuscino = cushion
scimmia = monkey
sciarpa = scarf
pesce = fish
The letter combination 'sc', when followed by the vowels a, o or u, will produce a hard sound, like the English words sky, ski, score and scarf.
scuola = school
tasca = pocket
pesca = peach
scarpe = shoes
scatola = box
discorso = speech
bosco = forest
When the letter combination 'sc' is followed by an h, the sound becomes hard.
maschile = masculine
schiavo = slave
schiuma = foam
schiuma da barba = shaving cream
Hi everybody, my name's Mike and this is the Let's Speak Italian podcast. So you've listened to a few sample lessons, and hopefully you're learning how to speak Italian.
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Grazie tanto, arrivederci.