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Emergency Medicine Cases

Emergency Medicine Cases

Emergency Medicine Cases ? Where the Experts Keep You in the Know. For complete episodes please visit emergencymedicinecases.com

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Ep 126 EM Drugs That Work and Drugs That Don’t – Part 1: Analgesics

In this podcast we discuss the key concepts in assessing drug efficacy trials, and provide you with a bottom line recommendation for the use of gabapentinoids, NSAIDs and acetaminophen for low back pain and radicular symptoms, topical NSAIDs and cyclobenzaprine for sprains and strains, caffeine as an adjunct analgesic, why we should never prescribe tramadol, dexamethasone for pharyngitis, calcium channel blockers for hemorrhoids and anal fissures, buscopan for abdominal pain and renal colic and why morphine might be a better analgesic choice than hydromorphone...

The post Ep 126 EM Drugs That Work and Drugs That Don?t ? Part 1: Analgesics appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2019-06-18
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Ep 125 Electrical Injuries – The Tip of the Iceberg

Electrical injuries are rare, representing less than 1% of burn center admissions. So there is a paucity of robust evidence for the management of these patients. Nonetheless, in this podcast we?ll give you the tools to help risk stratify electrical injuries, give some guidance on fluid resuscitation, describe immediate management of acute complications and make you aware of the potential delayed complications that must be anticipated...

The post Ep 125 Electrical Injuries ? The Tip of the Iceberg appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2019-06-04
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EM Quick Hits 5 Ludwig’s Angina, Transient Monocular Vision Loss, D-dimer for PE Workup in Pregnancy, Pediatric Nasal Foreign Bodies, Trimethoprim Drug Interactions, Airway Management in Cardiac Arrest

In this EM Quick Hits Podcast: Ludwig's Angina Emergency Management - Approach, Airway, Imaging, Transient Monocular Vision Loss (TMVL), D-dimer in the Work-up of Pulmonary Embolism in Pregnancy, Management of Pediatric Nasal Foreign Bodies: Tips and Tricks, Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim Drug Interactions and Airway Options in Cardiac Arrest - LMA for all?...

The post EM Quick Hits 5 Ludwig?s Angina, Transient Monocular Vision Loss, D-dimer for PE Workup in Pregnancy, Pediatric Nasal Foreign Bodies, Trimethoprim Drug Interactions, Airway Management in Cardiac Arrest appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2019-06-04
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Ep 124 Burn and Inhalation Injuries: ED Wound Care, Resuscitation and Airway Management

It turns out that for all burn patients?from minor to severe?there is a lot of room for improvement in ED management, counselling and disposition. Things like inaccurate estimation of burn size, unnecessary endotracheal intubation, over- and under-estimation of fluid resuscitation volumes, inadequate analgesia and inappropriate wound dressings are just some of the issues where a small change to ED practice patterns could have a huge impact on patient care. In this EM Cases main episode podcast we have the director of the Burn Unit at Hospital for Sick Children, Dr. Joel Fish and EM educator Dr. Maria Ivankovic discuss dozens of pearls and pitfalls in the management of both pediatric and adult burn and inhalation injuries management with a special appearance by airway master George Kovacs to talk about awake intubation in the burn and inhalation injuries patient...

The post Ep 124 Burn and Inhalation Injuries: ED Wound Care, Resuscitation and Airway Management appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2019-05-21
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EM Quick Hits 4 Acetaminophen Overdose & Warfarin Interaction, Dental Infections, MTP RABT Score, Statins for STEMI, Cricothyrotomy Tips

In this Quick Hits Podcast: David Juurlink on acetaminophen and warfarin drug interaction, Hans Rosenberg on management of dental infections, Emily Austin on dialysis in massive acetaminophen overdose, Andrew Petrosoniak on MTP decisions and the RABT score in trauma , Joel Yaphe on statins for STEMI from Whistler's Update in EM Conference, and George Kovacs on how to maximize success of a cricothyrotomy from EM Cases Course 2019...

The post EM Quick Hits 4 Acetaminophen Overdose & Warfarin Interaction, Dental Infections, MTP RABT Score, Statins for STEMI, Cricothyrotomy Tips appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2019-05-07
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Ep 123 Pediatric UTI Myths and Misperceptions

On the one hand, UTI is one of the most common bacterial infections in children younger than 2 years of age and could lead to sepsis acutely and theoretically renal failure in the long run. On the other hand, it is important not to over-diagnose UTIs because we know that overuse of antibiotics increases costs, side effects and leads to antibiotic resistance. The first principles questions very much apply here: who to screen, how to screen, and what to do with the screen results. There are risks associated with not having a standardized approach to diagnosing pediatric UTIs. In this EM Cases main episode podcast with Dr. Olivia Ostrow and Dr. Michelle Science we discuss an approach to diagnosing pediatric UTIs whilst revealing some common pediatric UTI myths and misperceptions...

The post Ep 123 Pediatric UTI Myths and Misperceptions appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2019-04-23
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JJ 15 Cardiac Stress Testing After Negative ED Workup for MI

In this Journal Jam podcast we do a deep dive into the hugely complex literature of cardiac stress testing and see whether or not stress testing portends any benefit for patients who we assess in the ED for chest pain. The problem is - if stress testing doesn?t benefit our patients and isn?t a good screening test for preventing MIs, then what do we do with our low risk chest pain patients we see in the ED?

The post JJ 15 Cardiac Stress Testing After Negative ED Workup for MI appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2019-04-09
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BCE 79 Pediatric UTI – Choosing Wisely

In anticipation of EM Cases Episode 123 Pediatric UTI Myths and Misconceptions, Dr. Olivia Ostrow, Pediatric Emergency Physician at Hospital for Sick Children, Assistant professor at the University of Toronto and a Medical Safety Leader with an academic focus in quality improvement, discusses a case that exemplifies how indiscriminate work up of pediatric UTI can lead to over-testing, over-treating and even worse outcomes...

The post BCE 79 Pediatric UTI ? Choosing Wisely appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2019-04-09
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Ep 122 Sepsis and Septic Shock – What Matters from EM Cases Course

In this podcast Dr. Sara Gray, intensivist and emergency physician, co-author of The CAEP Sepsis Guidelines, answers questions such as: How does one best recognize occult septic shock? How does SIRS, qSOFA and NEWS compare in predicting poor outcomes in septic patients? Which fluid and how much fluid is best for resuscitation of the septic shock patients? What are the indications for norepinephrine, and when in the resuscitation should it be given, in light of the CENSER trial? What are the goals of resuscitation in the patient with sepsis or septic shock? When should antibiotics administered, given that the latest Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines recommend that antibiotics be administered within one hour of arrival for all patients suspected of sepsis or septic shock? What are the indications for a second vasopressor after norepinephrine? Given the conflicting evidence for steroids in sepsis, what are the indications for steroids? Should we be considering steroids with Vitamin C and thiamine for patients in septic shock? What are the pitfalls of lactate interpretation, and how do serial lactates compare to capillary refill in predicting poor outcomes in light of the ANDROMEDA trial? Is procalcitonin a valuable prognostic indicator in septic patients? and many more...

The post Ep 122 Sepsis and Septic Shock ? What Matters from EM Cases Course appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2019-03-26
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EM Quick Hits 3 – Kawasaki Disease, Suturing Dog Bites, BVM in RSI, Anticraving Meds for Alcohol Misuse, ED Violence

On this EM Quick Hits podcast we have Natalie May on Kawasaki disease clues to diagnosis, Justin Morgenstern on suturing dog bites: the evidence, Anand Swaminathan on BVM prior to laryngoscopy, Michelle Klaiman on anticraving medications for alcohol use disorder and special guest Howard Ovens on managing ED violence with compassionate care...

The post EM Quick Hits 3 ? Kawasaki Disease, Suturing Dog Bites, BVM in RSI, Anticraving Meds for Alcohol Misuse, ED Violence appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2019-03-12
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Ep 121 Elbow Injuries – Ten Pitfalls in Diagnosis and Management

In this main episode podcast we discuss the pitfalls in the diagnosis and management of elbow injuries and answer questions such as: What is an easy way to remember the surgical indications for radial head fractures? What is the significance of a coronoid process fracture and how does it change management when seen with a radial head fracture? What is the best way to assess for pronation and supination of the forearm? Why is it so important to assess for the extensor mechanism on physical exam for patients with olecranon fractures? What is a quick easy way to test the peripheral nerves of the upper extremities? Which often missed soft tissue injuries of the elbow require urgent operative management? and many more...

The post Ep 121 Elbow Injuries ? Ten Pitfalls in Diagnosis and Management appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2019-02-26
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EM Quick Hits 2 Organophosphate Poisoning, TXA for Hemoptysis, Metacarpal Fracture Rotation, Abdominal Stab Wounds, Pediatric IV Cannulation

On this EM Quick Hits podcast we have Emily Austin on organophosphate poisoning, Arun Sayal on malrotation of metacarpal fractures, Andrew Petrosoniak on pitfalls in abdominal stab wound management, Anand Swaminathan on tranexamic acid for non-massive hemoptysis, and Natalie May on pediatric IV cannulation tips and tricks...

The post EM Quick Hits 2 Organophosphate Poisoning, TXA for Hemoptysis, Metacarpal Fracture Rotation, Abdominal Stab Wounds, Pediatric IV Cannulation appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2019-02-12
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Ep 120 ED Stroke Management in the Age of Endovascular Therapy

In this EM Cases main episode podcast, a follow up to our episode on TIA released in November 2018 with Walter Himmel and David Dushenski, we?ll try to simplify the confusing time-based and brain tissue-based options for stroke management. We?ll answer the questions that have been plaguing us for a while now: Which patients are eligible for endovascular therapies? Which patients are the ones who?ll benefit from these therapies and how do we make that happen in our different practice environments? Which patients should be considered for lytic therapy? Which patients should be considered for both lytic and endovascular therapy? and many more...

The post Ep 120 ED Stroke Management in the Age of Endovascular Therapy appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2019-01-29
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EM Quick Hits 1 Massive PE, Gabapentin for Alcohol Withdrawal, Dental Avulsions, Pediatric Eye Exam, Best Resuscitation Fluid

EM Quick Hits is a brand new EM Cases podcast that contains 5 minute segments chosen from 10 specific topics by 10 different experts and educators. These topics are ones that either are not taught very well in training and/or that physicians tend to be not completely comfortable with. They include toxicology, trauma, ophthalmology, orthopaedics, resuscitation, human factors, addiction and pediatric emergencies. The EM Quick Hits Team is: Emily Austin, Peter Brindley, Chris Hicks, Michelle Klaiman, Anna MacDonald, Natalie May, Justin Morgenstern, Andrew Petrosoniak, Hans Rosenberg, Arun Sayal and Anand Swaminathan...

The post EM Quick Hits 1 Massive PE, Gabapentin for Alcohol Withdrawal, Dental Avulsions, Pediatric Eye Exam, Best Resuscitation Fluid appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2019-01-15
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Ep 119 Trauma – The First and Last 15 Minutes Part 2

What should your resuscitation targets be in the first 15 minutes for trauma patients with hemorrhagic shock, neurogenic shock, severe head injury? When is a pelvic binder indicated? Is a bedsheet good enough? What are the most common pitfalls in binding the pelvis? What are the best ways to maintain team situational awareness during a trauma resuscitation? Should we rethink patient positioning for the trauma patient? What are the indications for transport to a trauma center? What is the minimal data set required before transfer? Which patients require a pelvic x-ray prior to transfer to a trauma center?  What are the key elements of a transport checklist? What does the future hold for trauma care and many more...

The post Ep 119 Trauma ? The First and Last 15 Minutes Part 2 appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2019-01-01
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Ep 118 Trauma – The First and Last 15 Minutes Part 1

In this part 1 of Trauma - The First and Last 15 Minutes, we answer questions such as: how should we best prepare our team, our gear and ourselves for the trauma patient? How does resequencing the initial trauma resuscitation save lives? How can we most readily identify occult shock, the silent killer in trauma? What are 7 actions to consider in the first 15 minutes of resuscitation? How can the concepts of "controlled resuscitation" and "resuscitation intensity" help us decide resuscitation targets and when to activate a massive transfusion protocol? and many more...

The post Ep 118 Trauma ? The First and Last 15 Minutes Part 1 appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-12-18
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BCE 78 Traumatic Cardiac Arrest

In anticipation of EM Cases Episode 118 Trauma: The First and Last 15 minutes with Andrew Petrosoniak, Kylie Bosman and Chris Hicks we have Joe Nemeth, Trauma Fellowship Director at Montreal General and Associate Professor at both McGill University and University of Toronto discussing his Best Case Ever of a teenager who was "stabbed in the box". Rajiv and Joe discuss preparation for trauma, the role of POCUS in predicting survival in traumatic cardiac arrest, the HOTT mnemonic for reversible causes of trauma arrest and more...

The post BCE 78 Traumatic Cardiac Arrest appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-12-04
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Ep 117 TIA Update – Risk Stratification, Workup and Dual Antiplatelet Therapy

Much has changed in recent years when it comes to TIA risk stratification, workup and antiplatelet therapy. In this podcast we use the overarching theme of timing to elucidate how to distinguish true TIA from the common TIA mimics, the importance of timing in the workup of TIA, why the duration of therapy with dual antiplatelet therapy and timing of starting anticoagulation in patient with atrial fibrillation, contributes to the difference between preventing catastrophic strokes and causing intracranial hemorrhage...

The post Ep 117 TIA Update ? Risk Stratification, Workup and Dual Antiplatelet Therapy appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-11-20
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JJ 14 Epinephrine in Cardiac Arrest

Does epinephrine improve the chances of return of spontaneous circulation at the expense of the brain? In other words, while we know that epinephrine doubles rates of ROSC in all comers in cardiac arrest, there?s never been robust evidence for long term improvements in neurologic functional outcomes. So, are we saving lives, or are we prolonging death? Find out the answer in this Journal Jam podcast with Justin Morgenstern and Rory Spiegel...

The post JJ 14 Epinephrine in Cardiac Arrest appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-11-06
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BCE 77 Pulmonary Embolism Workup in Pregnancy

This Best Case Ever elucidates the practical challenges of working up pregnant patients in the ED with a suspicion of pulmonary embolism. Since this recording, the first ever multi-center prospective outcome study looking at the pulmonary embolism workup in pregnancy was published in the Annals of Internal Medicine. A suggested algorithm and analysis of the study by Lauren Westafer are provided in these show notes....

The post BCE 77 Pulmonary Embolism Workup in Pregnancy appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-11-06
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Ep 116 Emergency Management of Opioid Misuse, Overdose and Withdrawal

In this episode Dr. Kathryn Dong, Dr. Michelle Klaiman and Dr. Aaron Orkin discuss the latest in naloxone in opioid overdose cardiac arrest and altered LOA, a 5-step approach to ED opioid withdrawal management and how we can improve mortality and morbidity in patients with opioid use disorder in the era of the opioid epidemic...

The post Ep 116 Emergency Management of Opioid Misuse, Overdose and Withdrawal appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-10-23
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BCE 76 Opioid Withdrawal

In anticipation of EM Cases Episode 116 on Opioid Misuse, Overdose and Withdrawal, Dr. Michelle Klaiman, Addictions and Emergency Medicine specialist, tells her Best Case Ever exemplifying how we can positively impact the lives of ED patients for years to come - even when they present with simple, run-of-the-mill diagnoses - by thinking outside the box and doing brief screening and interventions for patients with opioid use disorder. She discusses alternative pain control options as well as the use of suboxone to treat opioid withdrawal and opioid addiction.Best Case Ever exemplifying how we can positively impact the lives of ED patients for years to come, even when they present with simple, run-of-the-mill diagnoses, by thinking outside the box and doing brief screening and interventions for patients with opioid use disorder.

The post BCE 76 Opioid Withdrawal appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-10-09
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Ep 115 Emergency Management of the Agitated Patient

Managing acutely agitated patients can cause anxiety in even the most seasoned emergency doctor. These are high risk patients and they are high risk to you and your ED staff. It?s important to understand that agitation or agitated delirium is a cardinal presentation ? not a diagnosis. There is pathology lurking beneath - psychiatric, medical, traumatic and toxicological diagnoses driving these patients and we just won?t know which until we can safely calm them down...

The post Ep 115 Emergency Management of the Agitated Patient appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-09-25
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BCE 75 Reuben Strayer’s Agitated Patient

In anticipation of Episode 115 Management of the Agitated Patient, Dr. Reuben Strayer tells the story of the case that got him interested in developing an expertise around management of the agitated patient that includes an important simple pitfall and pearl about physical restraint. It that could prevent a death in your ED...

The post BCE 75 Reuben Strayer?s Agitated Patient appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-09-11
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JJ 13 Regional Nerve Blocks for Hip Fractures

In this EM Cases Journal Jam podcast with Anton Helman, Justin Morgenstern, Rory Spiegel, and special guest Jacques Lee we explore the evidence for femoral nerve blocks and fascia iliaca blocks as well as discuss the practical implementation of them in your ED. We answer questions such as: Do regional nerve blocks for hip fractures effectively reduce pain? Do they decrease opioid use? Are they safe compared to standard pain management? Should the block be done prior to x-ray confirmation? and many more...

The post JJ 13 Regional Nerve Blocks for Hip Fractures appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-08-28
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Ep 114 Pulmonary Embolism Challenges in Diagnosis 2 – Imaging, Pregnancy, Subsegmental PE

In Part 1 of Pulmonary Embolism Challenges in Diagnosis Drs. Helman, Lang and DeWit discussed a workup algorithm using PERC and Wells score, the bleeding risk of treated pulmonary embolism, pearls in decision making on whether or not to work up a patient for pulmonary embolism, how risk factors contribute to pretest probability, the YEARS criteria and age-adjusted D-dimer. In this Part 2 we answer questions such as: what are the important test characteristics of CTPA we need to understand? Which patients with subsegmental pulmonary embolism should we treat? When should we consider VQ SPECT? What is the best algorithm for the work up of pulmonary embolism in pregnant patients? How best should we implement pulmonary embolism diagnostic decision tools in your ED? and many more?

The post Ep 114 Pulmonary Embolism Challenges in Diagnosis 2 ? Imaging, Pregnancy, Subsegmental PE appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-08-28
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Ep 113 Pulmonary Embolism Challenges in Diagnosis Part 1

Dr. Kerstin DeWit and Dr. Eddy Lang answer the questions that plague us on almost every shift: Which patients require any work-up at all for PE? What?s the utility of PERC and Well?s scores? Should the newer YEARS decision tool supplant Well?s? When should we order a D-dimer? What?s the diagnostic role of CXR, ECG, POCUS, CTA and VQ? How should we work up pregnant patients for PE? How can we use shared decision making strategies for PE to help us do what?s best for our patients, and many more...

The post Ep 113 Pulmonary Embolism Challenges in Diagnosis Part 1 appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-08-14
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BCE 74 Coding in the Scanner

In anticipation of EM Cases Episode 113 Diagnosis an Workup of Pulmonary Embolism with Dr. Kerstin DeWit and Dr. Eddy Lang, we have Dr. Peter Reardon telling us his Best Case Ever (Coding in the Scanner) of a young woman who presents with a seizure followed by hemodynamic instability, who codes while in the CT scanner...

The post BCE 74 Coding in the Scanner appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-08-01
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Ep 112 Tachydysrhythmias with Amal Mattu and Paul Dorion

In this EM Cases main Episode 112 Tachydysrhythmias with Amal Mattu and Paul Dorion we discuss a potpurri of clinical goodies for the recognition and management of both wide and narrow complex tachydysrhythmias and answer questions such as: Which patients with stable Ventricular Tachycardia (VT) require immediate electrical cardioversion, chemical cardioversion or no cardioversion at all? Are there any algorithms that can reliably distinguish VT from SVT with aberrancy? What is the "verapamil death test"?  While procainamide may be the first line medication for stable VT based on the PROCAMIO study, what are the indications for IV amiodarone for VT? How should we best manage patients with VT who have an ICD? How can the Bix Rule help distinguish Atrial Flutter from SVT? What is the preferred medication for conversion of SVT to sinus rhythm, Adenosine or Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)? Why is amiodarone contraindicated in patients with WPW associated with atrial fibrillation? What are the important differences in the approach and treatment of atrial fibrillation vs. atrial flutter? How can we safely curb the high bounce-back rate of patients with atrial fibrillation who present to the ED? and many more...

The post Ep 112 Tachydysrhythmias with Amal Mattu and Paul Dorion appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-07-17
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BCE 73 Esmolol in Refractory Ventricular Fibrillation

In anticipation of EM Cases Episode 112 on Tachydysrhthmias with Amal Mattu and Paul Dorion, Melanie Baimel tells her Best Case Ever of a previously healthy young man who presents in refractory ventricular fibrillation after receiving multiple single shocks, ongoing chest compressions, several rounds of epinephrine, amiodarone and dual sequence defibrillation without ROSC...

The post BCE 73 Esmolol in Refractory Ventricular Fibrillation appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-07-03
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Ep 111 Effective Learning Strategies in Emergency Medicine

In this episode we explore the most effective learning strategies while debunking 5 myths in learning, and answer questions such as: How do we maximize our learning in the face of an ever-growing body of knowledge and procedure skill set so that we can become better doctors? What can we learn from the Dunning-Kruger effect? How do we best minimize distractions while we learn? How do we improve retrieval strength for easy recall? How can deliberate practice inform learning procedures? How can social learning improve our knowledge base? and many more...

The post Ep 111 Effective Learning Strategies in Emergency Medicine appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-06-19
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BCE 72 Overinvestigation in Emergency Medicine

With increased access to timely advanced diagnostic testing in ED rational resource utilization is becoming ever more important. In his Best Case Ever Dr. Shabhaz Syed argues that a patient at Janus General who presented to the ED with chest pain, died as a result of overinvestigation, and explains how understanding the factors that contribute to overinvestigation, Baysian theory, diagnostic decision analysis, radiation risk, and teaching "dogma" may help prevent overinvestigation in Emergency Medicine...

The post BCE 72 Overinvestigation in Emergency Medicine appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-06-05
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Ep 110 Airway Pitfalls – Live from EMU 2018

The last decade has seen a torrent of literature and expert opinion on emergency airway management. It is challenging to integrate all this new information into a seamless flow when faced with a challenging airway situation. In this live podcast recorded at North York General's Emergency Medicine Update Conference 2018, Scott Weingart and Anton Helman put together the latest in emergency airway management by outlining  6 common airway pitfalls: Failure to prepare for failure, failure to position the patient properly, failure to optimize oxygenation, failure to optimize hemodynamics, failure to consider an awake intubation and failure to prepare for a cricothyrotomy...

The post Ep 110 Airway Pitfalls ? Live from EMU 2018 appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-05-22
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BCE 71 Cricothyrotomy and the Value of Simulation Training

In anticipation of EM Cases Episode 110 Airway Pitfalls Live from EMU 2018 with Scott Weingart, we have Dr. Shira Brown tell her Best Case Ever of a pediatric trauma patient who required a cricothyrotomy. She explains how, despite working in a non-trauma center with limited resources, her team was well prepared because of the robust simulation program specifically designed for practicing emergency physicians that she had developed in her region. We also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the scalpel-Bougie vs scalpel-finger-Bougie cricothyrotomy techniques and to maintain an optimistic attitude in seemingly futile cases...

The post BCE 71 Cricothyrotomy and the Value of Simulation Training appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-05-15
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BCE 70 Female Urinary Retention – The Return of Carr’s Cases!

Urinary retention is 13 times less common in woman than it is in men, and the differential diagnosis is wide. In this EM Cases Best Case Ever we have the return of Dr. David Carr describing a woman with an unusual diagnosis who presents with urinary retention. We discuss issues around the appropriate use of chaperones and what to do in the situation when you are in over your head...

The post BCE 70 Female Urinary Retention ? The Return of Carr?s Cases! appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-05-08
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Ep 109 Skin and Soft Tissue Infections – Cellulitis, Skin Abscesses and Necrotizing Fasciitis

How do you distinguish cellulitis from the myriad of cellulitis mimics? At what point do we consider treatment failure for cellulitis? What is the best antibiotic choice for patients who are allergic to cephalosporins? Which patients with cellulitis or skin abscess require IV antibiotics? Coverage for MRSA? What is the best and most resource wise method for analgesia before I&D of a skin abscess? What is the best method for drainage of a skin abscess? Which patients with skin abscess require a swab? Irrigation? Packing? Antibiotics? With the goal of sharpening your diagnostic skills when it comes to skin and soft tissue infections ? there are lots of cellulitis mimics - and choosing wisely when it comes to treatment, we?ll be discussing best practices for management of cellulitis and skin abscesses, when to cover for MRSA, how to pick up nec fasc before it?s too late and a lot more?

The post Ep 109 Skin and Soft Tissue Infections ? Cellulitis, Skin Abscesses and Necrotizing Fasciitis appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-04-24
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BCE 69 Necrotizing Fasciitis

In anticipation of EM Cases Episode 109 Recognition and Management of Skin and Soft Tissue Infections with Melanie Baimel and Andrew Morris we have Dr. Morris telling us his Best Case Ever of a nurse that he worked with diagnosed with Necrotizing Fasciitis. We discuss some of the diagnostic pearls for this difficult diagnosis as well as issues around privacy when health care workers become patients at their hospital.

The post BCE 69 Necrotizing Fasciitis appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-04-17
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BCE 68 Ectopic Pregnancy Pitfalls in Diagnosis

This month's EM Cases Best Case Ever podcast features Dr. Catherine Varner, Emergency Physician at Sinai Health System and researcher at Schwartz-Reisman Emergency Medicine Institute (SREMI) discussing the key pitfalls in the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy and ruptured ectopic pregnancy. It turns out that we're missing the diagnosis more than we'd like to admit. Dr. Varner debunks much of the traditional teaching around ectopic pregnancy so that we can improve our diagnostic skills for this potentially life threatening diagnosis...

The post BCE 68 Ectopic Pregnancy Pitfalls in Diagnosis appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-04-11
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Ep 108 Pediatric Physical Abuse Recognition and Management

Just one case of missed pediatric physical abuse I consider a travesty. The sad state of affairs is that thousands of cases of paediatric physical abuse are missed on initial presentation to EDs across North America. And a small but significant minority of these children die. In fact, 20-30% of children who died from abuse and neglect had previously been evaluated by medical providers for abusive injuries that were not recognized as abuse. Every child that presents to the ED with a suspicious injury gives the treating physician an opportunity to intervene. We have to get better at identifying these kids when there?s still something we can do to protect them, before it?s too late. In this EM Cases main episode podcast on Pediatric Physical Abuse Recognition and Management Dr. Carmen Coombs and Dr. Alyson Holland discuss the 6 B's of child abuse, the TEN-4 FACE decision rule, the Pittsburgh Infant Brain Injury Score, disclosure tips, screening tests, reporting responsibilities and more...

The post Ep 108 Pediatric Physical Abuse Recognition and Management appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-03-26
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JJ 12 BNP for Diagnosis of Acute CHF

BNP is currently in use in many EDs across North America and Europe. In this Journal Jam podcast we discuss the clinical utility of BNP and pro-NT-BNP in the work-up of the dyspneic ED patient. We ask the questions: does BNP add much beyond physician gestalt? Which patients might BNP be useful for? Should we abandon BNP as a dichotomous rule-in/rule-out variable and instead use it as a continuous variable? Does using BNP effect patient oriented outcomes? Is lung POCUS a better test? Are prediction models that include BNP useful? and many more....

The post JJ 12 BNP for Diagnosis of Acute CHF appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-03-13
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BCE 67 Child Abuse – Sentinel Injuries

In anticipation of EM Cases Episode 107 on Pediatric Physical Abuse with Dr. Carmen Coombs and Dr. Alyson Holland, Dr. Coombs tells her Best Case Ever (actually worst case ever) that inspired her to pursue expertise in pediatric physical abuse...

The post BCE 67 Child Abuse ? Sentinel Injuries appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-03-13
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Ep 107 Blunt Ocular Trauma Live from The EM Cases Course

In this live podcast on Blunt Ocular Trauma from The EM Cases Course 2018 with Anna MacDonald we discuss the most important diagnoses to consider, describe how physical exam in queen while CT can misguide you, explain a simple approach to orbital compartment syndrome with retrobulbar hematoma, give you tips on lateral canthotomy, how to pick up subtle hyphemas, why sickle cell patients are high risk, describe the key clinical clues to subtle globe rupture, the role of tranexamic acid in eye bleeds and much more...

The post Ep 107 Blunt Ocular Trauma Live from The EM Cases Course appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-02-27
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BCE 66 CHD with Bronchiolitis: A Delicate Balance

When patients with known congenital heart disease present to the ED with common illnesses we need to consider how their physiology might alter our approach to those common illnesses. Max Ben-Yakov guides us through his Best Case Ever of a CHD patient who presents with bronchiolitis and gives us some tips on how best to approach these fragile patients in a crisis situation...

The post BCE 66 CHD with Bronchiolitis: A Delicate Balance appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-02-13
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Ep 106 Toxic Alcohols – Minding the Gaps

We see patients with toxic alcohol poisoning most commonly in three clinical scenarios. One, after an intentional suicide attempt where they tell you exactly what they took; two, when they come in agitated and won?t give you a history and the three, the inebriated patient found down. Alcohol is everywhere, and inevitably inebriated people show up at your ED with a myriad of medical and psychiatric problems. It?s our job as ED professionals, not only to identify traumatic, medical and psychiatric catastrophes in these patients but also to identify and manage the relatively rare but potentially life and sight threatening toxicologic diagnoses in the inebriated or agitated patient. And that isn?t so easy - especially when it comes to toxic alcohols. In this episode we help give you the knowledge of toxic alcohol poisoning recognition, clinical and lab clues, limitations of the osmolar gap, goals of management, time sensitive treatments and more...

The post Ep 106 Toxic Alcohols ? Minding the Gaps appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-01-30
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BCE 65 Intimate Partner Violence – A Silent Epidemic

I was taken aback when I came across the statistic that approximately every 6 days a woman in Canada is killed by her intimate partner. Victims of intimate partner violence and domestic violence that we see in the ED typically involve an abuse story of repeated escalating violence over time that ends up in a crisis situation. The woman is often financially dependent on her abuser and has no one to turn to for help. In one of her worst cases ever from Janus General, Dr. Meeta Patel and I discuss the notions that Emergency providers have a unique opportunity to identify patients who are victims of intimate partner violence; that we should begin by thinking of how we can screen every woman of childbearing age about intimate partner violence in a private, safe and respectful way. We describe the quick Partner Violence Screen and finally how to offer supportive, empowering statements and connect your patients with resources like assaulted women?s helpline and shelters in your community...

The post BCE 65 Intimate Partner Violence ? A Silent Epidemic appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-01-23
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Ep 105 Commonly Missed Ankle Injuries

You probably can't remember the last time you worked a shift in the ED and didn?t see at least one patient with an ankle injury. While almost all of these patients are relatively straightforward to diagnose and manage a small but significant minority of these patients will have a more elusive diagnosis, that if not identified early, could lead to significant morbidity...

The post Ep 105 Commonly Missed Ankle Injuries appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2018-01-09
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Ep 104 Emergency Management of Intracerebral Hemorrhage – The Golden Hour

There exists a kind of self-fulfilling prognostic pessimism when it comes to ICH. And this pessimism sometimes leads to less than optimal care in patients who otherwise might have had a reasonably good outcome if they were managed aggressively. Despite the poor prognosis of these patients overall, there is some evidence to suggest that early aggressive medical management may improve outcomes. As such, the skill with which you manage your patient with ICH in those first few hours could be the most important determinant of their outcome. In this Golden Hour you have a chance to prevent hematoma expansion, stabilize intracerebral perfusion and give your patient the best chance of survival with neurologic recovery.

The post Ep 104 Emergency Management of Intracerebral Hemorrhage ? The Golden Hour appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2017-12-19
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BCE 64 Salicylate Poisoning

In this EM Cases Best Case Ever Hans Rosenberg and Rajiv Thavanathan discuss recognition and management pearls and pitfalls in salicylate poisoning. They answer question such as: What are the most important diagnostic clues of salicylate poisoning in the patient who presents with undifferentiated fever and altered level of awareness? What is the best timing and ventilation strategy for intubation? Which electrolyte abnormalities do you need to be on the lookout for? and many more...

The post BCE 64 Salicylate Poisoning appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2017-12-05
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Journal Jam 11 Post Contrast Acute Kidney Injury – PCAKI

Lauren Westafer joins Justin Morgenstern, Rory Spiegel and Anton Helman in a deep dive discussion on the world's literature on Post Contrast Acute Kidney Injury (PCAKI) in this Journal Jam podcast. Hospitals continue to insist on time consuming, and potentially dangerous protocols for administration of fluids to patients with renal dysfunction prior to CT IV contrast despite the lack of evidence that Contrast Induced Nephropathy (CIN) even exists. Would you choose a different imaging modality if your radiologist suggested that a patient with renal dysfunction who required a CT with IV contrast should forgo the contrast risking a missed diagnosis?

The post Journal Jam 11 Post Contrast Acute Kidney Injury ? PCAKI appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2017-11-21
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Ep 103 Preventing Burnout and Promoting Wellness in Emergency Medicine

Burnout ? it?s the elephant in the room that we all know about but prefer not to discuss. Yet according to a 2013 Medscape survey, 40% of physicians reported burnout in U.S. In this episode, Sara Gray and Chris Trevelyan present an honest approach to preventing burnout and promoting wellness, outlining strategies both at the individual and systems levels. They explain why wellness matters, how you can strive to achieve it and how to recognize when you or a colleague are unwell so that you can get the help you need...

The post Ep 103 Preventing Burnout and Promoting Wellness in Emergency Medicine appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

2017-11-07
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En liten tjänst av I'm With Friends. Finns även på engelska.
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